The event of Brotherhood

The event of Brotherhood

To make these bonds stronger, the Prophet repeated the establishment of brotherhood between individuals of the two groups as he had done with the persons at Mecca


After migrating to Medina the Muhajirūn (the Migrants) and the Ansar (The Local Helpers) became so friendly with one another as if there was no difference of the tribe or the place of origin between them. It appeared that all of them belonged to one large family. They treated their properties as common, their honor and respect as common, and shared their happiness and sorrows together. This was a true example of unity and integrity. To make these bonds stronger, the Prophet repeated the establishment of brotherhood between individuals of the two groups as he had done with the persons at Mecca. This created closer bonds between individuals and they forgot the difference of origin and the tribal affiliations. 

In the view of experts, brotherhood can be strong only between individuals of the same nature. If the natures are different, and the individuals come together for whatever reason, the togetherness will be temporary. The Prophet kept this factor in mind when he established brotherhood between individuals from the two groups. He closely studied the natures of the individuals before declaring them brothers. When he saw that any two persons had a lot in common, he named them brothers. Therefore, in Mecca, many people were named brothers.

 Similarly in Medina keeping in mind the natures of the individuals the companions was created the brothers of each other.

 Thus, whoever appeared of a similar nature to that of another person was declared brothers. It was also borne in the mind that the two persons were of the same level of capability and intelligence. On this occasion the Prophet named about forty-five or fifty Muhajirūn and an equal number of Ansar as brothers and tied them in the bonds of brotherhood.

When the Prophet created the companions as brothers and did not mention Ali at that time, he approached the Prophet  with tears in his eyes and said, “O Prophet ! You have named the Muhajirūn and Ansar as brothers, but you did not think me deserving of this honor!” The Prophet  embraced Ali  and said: 
“O `Ali! You are my brother in this world and in the Hereafter.”[1]

`Ali therefore considered this brotherhood with the Prophet  as a great privilege and when he was holding the reins of government, he once went up the pulpit and said: 
“I am Allah’s creature and the brother of His Prophet ”[2]


[1] Al-Tirmidhī, Vol 2, Page 143
[2] Tārīkh Abul-Fidā, Vol 1, Page 127

 

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